Edit:Will be updated soon, Give me a few days... Updated, but look out as I update once every two weeks or so...
Ok I've decided to revise this and make it an actual guide. Here goes.
Table of Content's
Team Tactics- The Fundamentals
Team Tactics- Two Touch Passing
Team Tactics- Making Runs
Ok that's it for the table of contents, now the actual thing!
Playmaking and Player Tactics
In this section I cover how to read the field, know where everything is, how to react to certain situations, and other things related to playmaking. So here we go.
Many people think that there is some amazing trick to this, but there isn't. The essence of this is to always be watching where everybody is. Example, you are a right midfielder, and the left defender has the ball, you watch the ball and do all of the normal things while you don't have the ball, but occasionaly look around and see where everyone is. By doing this simple task, you can see where everyone is located in their respective positions. You then need to use this information to quickly analyze where potential plays can be made. For example, you see that the center midfielder is open and that the left midfielder is running up the field with none on him. You also notice that the forward in front of you is marked , but is closer to the goal. Well, normally people think that your going to pass up to the forward, but if you cross it to the center mid who then passes it to the left mid, he can then bring it up and cross it in for a goal-scoring oppurtunity. That causes one or two defenders to drift over to the left mid, leaving your marked forward a perfect header oppurtunity.
All this talk can actually be quickly computed in your head, you just need to remember, always always look up. Here is a good example of a play, it is at 30 to 41 seconds http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=21n7hmai7W0
. Notice that he picked out a guy all the way out of play, that noone was expecting to get the ball. It caught the team off guard, and he just passed it up and then, another interesting point. He passed it back to an incoming teammate, who again, no one was really expecting to get the ball. Interesting.
To be good at this position, you need to be tricky, and slippery to mark. Always be drifting around in a position to get the ball, and when you see your teammate is ready to pass, that is the time to check. To check, you need to first take three or four steps the opposite way you want to go, then turn around and explode back to where you want to go. This is an efficient way to lose your marker. Now that you are free of your marker, and you have gotten the pass, you know must either shoot, or pass to another striker. Starting with the idea of shooting, you can take the goalkeeper by surprise if as soon as you have the ball, kick it low and hard towards the sides, it doesn't neccesarily have to be pinpoint, but just try to hit it where the goalkeeper isn't. Many times the goalkeeper isn't thinking you will shoot, since you are in quite abad position for shooting, but that's what makes a good striker. The ability to shoot in any position. I reccomend that you practice shooting in akward positions by yourself against a wall. When it comes to passing, try to pick out your fellow striker, and chip it over the defense so he can collect it and score. This is how many many goals are scored. Runs for forwards are also very important. Piercing runs through open space between the midfielders and defenders are very good, and lateral runs when you are near the defense helps to stretch the defense out so that open space can be exploited. Finally, for crosses, always be anticipating the cross, as the ball is being crossed, push your marker away roughly enough so he is off-balance (hey it's a physical game), and run in for the header, do not be afraid of jumping to head the ball, or diving to head it in the goal. This is my best advice for strikers.
Winger is one of the most fun positions if you like 1v1 confrontations. If you don't like to confront people with the ball, then this is definitely not the position for you. A wingers job is to run up and down the field, often times taking the ball for long periods of time on a solor run, to then cross it in. To be a good winger you should get a good bag of tricks, and be quick. Wingers can be very tricky as far as how they react when they get the ball. Here are some things you can do...
When you get the ball beat a guy, then the next time beat him again, then after that pass it. Try and make yourself unpredictable with the ball. Also when you go to cross it in, sometimes cross it and other times come in and take a shot. There is not much I can say for wingers, except be tricky as possible, and slippery like strikers.
Defense is the last line of players to defend the goal, but they can also create vital counter-attacks, but there is not much tactics involved. As I don't know too much about defense, I will just post as much as I know. So, defensively, you need to steal the ball, or intercept passes, that are made near the goal. There are guides on how to do this, so I won't post about that. So once you get the ball, you must feed it out to the sides. The most important part of being a defender (for me at least) is that the defender must not panic. He must be calm and composed, although ruthless when it comes to getting the ball. So once u get the ball, look for a winger or midfielder who is not marked, and give a clean pass to him. If you have a good shot in your leg, you can send a through ball to a midfielder, which helps to get past the opponent's defence. If you get the ball, you can bring it up the side, and once you are challenged, you can kick it up to a winger so he can cross it. This is one of the most dangerous counter-attacks that can be made, because the midfielders and other players, have not had time to set up, since the moment you got the ball, it started to move upfield. That is about all I have to say for defenders, sorry for my lack of information.
This section is mainly for coaches, but if you have an open-minded coach, or every one on your team listens to what you say
, then go ahead and read this.
Team Tactics- The Fundamentals
This are some of the basic things that the team should be doing while playing...
-Stretch out the defense.
When you are attacking always spread out to take up the whole field, therefore stretching out the opposing team's defense, so it is easier to pass the ball around them.
-Compact the offense.
When you are on defense, you need to compact the attackers by creating a bowl shape around the goal, so they cannot spread out and infiltrate in between players.
Always send crisp easily redirected passes. Always always always make sure your passes are good, otherwise you can be the one who let the other team score. And always pass to open space and lead the person.
-Two Touch Passing
Before practicing this style of play, I would recommend that everyone on your team becomes really good at giving clean snappy passes, and being able to trap the ball quickly and easily. Anyways, the idea of this, again, is quite simple. Once you get the ball, control it, then pass it to another player in any open position. By continously doing this, you eventually work the ball up to their penalty box, without them noticing that their letting the ball through. Then it is just a quick shot for a goal. A video is worth a million words I'm guessing (since a picture is worth a thousand), so here is a play from the world cup 2006 that shows how effective this is. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BntNJj5Y_dI
Notice that it is ok to pass back to the same person who passed to you, because often they won't be marked, since they just passed the ball away. So that's about it. Good luck practicing it.
Team Tactics- Making Runs
Making runs is a joint effort, so I decided to stick it in Team Tactics, although they are mostly made by strikers...
Here I will list several runs that can be used, and btw always make eye contact with the person with the ball...
This is one of the runs that you can do without the ball, and with no intention of getting the ball. What you have to do is run laterally, and your marker will follow, therefore stretching out the defense for the person with the ball to make a piercing run through, or a piercing pass. One of the easiest yet most effective of runs.
-Running for the loft
Make eye contact with your teammate with the ball, and signal/tell him to loft it. Run and hopefully he will loft it over the defense for the perfect oppurtunity for a breakaway.
-Garbage Run down the side
Another run with no intention of getting the ball, try to run down the sideline and pull your marker away from the action, along with pulling his teammate closer to you. This leaves your teammates the chance to work the other side of the field.
-Running behind your marker
Try to jog the opposite way you want to go, then all of the sudden explode the way you want to go (behind your marker), and run diagonally towards the goal calling for the ball. This is perfect for piercing the defense, and after getting the ball you can even loft it for a teammate.
Thanks for reading and I will be sure to add some more as my own tactical knowledge continues advancing. One can never learn everything! Cheers!