I also studied a bit on Islamic history in my school's history subject. Actually, the Prophet Muhammad was not kicked off by the Banu Quraish, the dominant local tribe in Arab. It's Allah's order for him to leave Mecca and emigrate to Medina which is then called the Hijra.
Muhammad didn't force the people to adopt the religion. He allowed the Jews, Christians and Quraysh to continue to adopt their faith, with the condition that they would obey the Medina Constitution which specified the rights and duties of all citizens and the relationship of the different communities in Medina (including that of the Muslim community to other communities).
In 628 the Meccan tribe of Quraish and the Muslim community in Medina signed a truce called the Treaty of Hudaybiyya. Despite improved relations between Mecca and Medina after the signing of the Treaty of Hudaybiyya, a 10 year peace was to be broken by Quraish who, with their allies, the tribe of Bakr, attacked the tribe of Khuza'ah who were allies of the Muslims. This broke the treaty which forbad any fighting between Muslim, Quraysh and their allies. This lead to the assault on Mecca.
During the conquest of Mecca, Muhammad ordered his soldiers to only attack military personnel and no killing of innocent civilians is allowed. Looting and destroying civilian properties was also prohibited for them. They are compulsory to stop the fighting if the enemy surrenders. All this were stated in the Quran.
Furthermore, he takes no prisoners and almost every surrendered Quraish tribesman was set free. In other words, the Meccans surrendered peacefully.
The primary leader of the Quraish in Mecca, Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harb converted to Islam and Muhammad announced
"Who enters the house of Abu Sufyan will be safe, who lays down arms will be safe, who locks his door will be safe".
Next, this was what the prophet spoke to the Quraish.
"I speak to you in the same words as Joseph spoke to his brothers. This day there is no reproof against you; Go your way, for you are free."
Very soon, Muhammad's prestige grew after the surrender of the Meccans.
All the things I typed above may just be some bulls**t, but at least it clearly shows that Islam is a peace religion, even in times of war. It tolerates other religion and society.
By the way, I would definitely disagree that Islam taught it's believers to wipe out all non-believers, or infidels as the extremists said. In my country alone, people,regardless of their religion, considered the acts of the terrorists as a sin to the God(s). On the other hand, more than 95% of Malaysian Muslims themselves thought of the extremists as just some sort of non-believers of Islam. Why? For killing countless lives in the name of God when the real Islam religion had already stated that Muslims could only kill only as a last resort and as a way of self-defence. Even the usual slaugthering of poultry must be first preceded by reading verses from the holy book, only then it is considered "halal" or consumable to Muslims. In my opinion, the idea of hurting someone else in the name of God is 100% immature and stupid. From that, I could just beat anyone's brains out or f**k any girl I dig and claim that God told me to do so. If everything is permitted in the name of God, do we ever need laws?
Also, sometimes some people do misunderstand the term "Islamic country". You know, they sometimes thought that in such countries, Islam is everything. The laws are all based on the religion and everyone must do according to most Muslims do, regardless of their religion, e.g: prohibited to wear sexy clothes, have pork meat, drink alcoholic beverage, etc. I don't know much about other Islamic countries but to tell the truth, the term "Islamic country" doesn't stop Malaysians from enjoying the luxuries of modern life. To be exact, in Malaysia, although Islam is the official religion, it doesn't even mean that every Malaysian citizen must stick to Islamic rituals. Take me for example. I'm a Chinese. I could still have pork meat and drink alcoholic beverage (now I can't as I'm under-aged) since the sale and consume of pork meat and alcoholic drinks are allowed here and are only prohibited to Muslims. Young girls, even including those of Muslims, could still wear tight and sexy clothes with the condition that it does not overexpose body parts ( like a swimsuit does, that's why I've never seen any Muslim woman having splashing fun in a pool or near the beach). Plus, the government is fair enough on giving away public holidays for each major occasions, such as the Muslim Ramadan festival, Chinese New Year, and Indian Deepavali celebrations. To make it short, everyone in Malaysia is free to adopt his or her religion and cultural rituals, as long as they obey the constitution and the laws. After all, it's just a matter of respect on each other's religion and culture. I respect you, you respect me. Simple.
Talking about traditional or orthodox Islamic laws, only some of them were used in our country, and they are only limited to Muslims. I know some of you would say that according to Islamic context, the punishment for burglary is chopping off your hands. I don't know about other countries, but I can tell you that in Malaysia, such cruel punishment is definitely not applied. In this country, the laws are based on......you know, humanity stuff. To us, religion is an important spiritual guide in life but not the world.
Joga Bonito is the way I play.