Calcio is a ball game that originated around the 16th century in Florence, Italy. The game was initially known as “giuoco del Calcio fiorentino”. The first official rules were published in 1580 AD by Giovanni Bardi. Calcio is played in teams of 27 using both the feet and hands. Goals are scored by throwing the ball over a designated spot on the perimeter of the field.
Originally, Calcio was only reserved for the rich aristocrats who played every night between Epiphany and Lent. In the Vatican, Popes Clement VII, Leo IX and Urban VIII were even known to play. British schoolmaster Richard Mulcaster mentions an English version of Calcio, in his 1561 treatise on the education of the young.