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Intelligent passing

   
How to pass the ballproperly: http://www.expertfootball.com/forum/vie ... php?t=6851

Well, I got a minor injury i'm waiting on to heal so I thought I might as well try and post something worthwhile. I will try to add on to soccer4lifes post and state a few things about intelligence in passing: what makes a good pass, when to pass, etc. So grab a drink and prepare for a long ride. :)

The tactics to be adapted by a team must always proceed from the capabilities of that team as well as from their opponent's style of play. Where possible, therefore, tactics should be planned so as to surprise the other side. In other words, you must adapt with your team and find out how you are most effective with them AND your opponents.
Even if an individual player succeeds, especially in winning a personal duel against a defender, a combined movement between two or more players is the safest procedure to get close to the oppositions goal and into a position for a shot at goal. In a match, therefore, and for energy saving reasons, passing should be more frequently used than dribbling. The pass is the 'soul' of football and to master it is a pre-requisite for carrying out any tactical plan.
In order to ensure successful passing, all players must understand and learn the language of passing and receiving. Before passing the ball the passer should know when, how and where the receiver wishes to receive the ball. It is absolutely useless for the passer to indicate when, how-or where the ball will be passed if the receiver is not ready for the pass. The receiver should communicate with the passer with a visual agreement or eye-contact, through body movements and the position of his head. The majority of the mistakes in passing are caused, apart from lack of skill, because the passer rather than the receiver has instigated the pass.

A good pass is characterized by:
its necessity (very often players pass the ball when there is absolutely no reason for passing *cough* my team *cough*)
its accuracy
the exactness of the timing
the speed and the disguise of direction

The team whose players do not possess these abillities will hardly meet with success, however much dribbling ability their players do have. Poor passing is a failing which cannot be offset by other abilities.

Accuracy in direction
Accuracy in passing is without doubt one of a team's most powerful weapons for overcoming an opponent. It depends not only on the technical ability of the passer but, to a certain dgree, on the skilful movement towards the ball and away from the defender by the receiver, who should instigate the pass instead of reacting to it!
The short pass is the easiest, for the shorter the distance the ball has to travel, the less is the danger that a ball will not reach the receiver. A plauyer who cannot pass accurately over 15 meters will most certainly not be able to do so over 30 meters. Executing long passes is a very difficult technical-tactical maneuver, yet when it is used accurately and at the right moment, it is also the most effective.
In a match, passes are made in all directions, to the front (throug pass), to the side (square or diagonal passes) and backwards (back passes). The tactical aim in passing is to keep possession, which means that every pass that is intercepted by the other side not onlyu gives away the cahnce of a shot at goal but also nullifies all the efforts of the individual player and of his team.
In order to be able to give an accurate pass, the passer must have checked up previously on the position of his teammates in relation to himself. the "ready position" of the receiver (side-on or frontal with the legs sufficiently bent) or his disposition (to be seen by his head orientation and the direction in which he looks) serve as important indicator to the passer regarding the direction, timing and speed of the pass. For example, if a frontrunner is expecting a pass from behind in the side-on position, with his left shoulder pointing towards the passer, the latter should always pass the ball to the inside left and not in his back. The passer must always play the ball to the side indicated by the receiver.
The shorter the distance of the pass, the more accurate its direction must be, for a long pass gives the receiver more time to get into position, even if the direction of the pass is inaccurate. However, in that case the opponent has more time to intercept the ball.
A common mistake is lack of responsibility when passing. Players (on my team) often kick the ball in any direction without looking first, only then to realize that the player for whom the pass was inteded has no chance of reaching it.
Before the pass takes place, both players must make certain that no opponent is standing along the line of the pass, that no opponent can reach the line of the pass in time to intercept it and that no opponent can tackle the player receiving the ball from behind. These conditions must be observed all the more the longer the pass is.

The timing of the pass
The best moment to give a pass is when the opponent makes an attempt to tackle the player with the ball. Naturally the moment for giving the pass will be determined not only by the conduct of your pponent but also by the build-up of your own teams attack. The pass should take place at the moment the receiver is ready to run to it and is not yet in an off-side position.

The speed (force) of the pass
The speed of the pass is decisive for the quick flow in combined movements. you must have fixed in your mind the need to lose as little time as possible in passing. Each pass must have a definite speed. An substantial variation in that necessary speed may well result in the ball being lost. the ball should reach the gap between the two plaeyrs in the shortest amount of time, taking into consideration the individual ability of the player receiving the ball. The mistake is frequently made of playing short passes too weakly. Slow passing allows the opponent time to run into the line to intercept. For example, if you, after a brief look around, see a teammate standing unmarked 15 meters away, you must count on the fact that the covering defender is lying in wait in the immediate area of the other player, probably just behind him. If the ball arrives very slowly, this generally gives the opponent sufficient time to run forward and reach the ball first. This example shows very c1early how important it is to run to meet an approaching ball. If the pass, and with it a combined move, is to proceed smoothly, then no one can afford to wait passively for the ball to come to him.
Passing reaches its highest pace when players pass first-time to each other, from which very rapid combination play results. However the first time pass is not always possible, so the ball has to be controlled for a short while before the pass can be served. The player who wants to be able to move the ball quickly, at least at certain stages of the game, must understand quite clearly that the fastest dribbler can never compare with the speed of a ball when passsed. Hell, even I cant dribble faster than a pass ;)

Disguising the direction of the pass
You must eventually learn to disguise the direction of your pass, but to avoid misunderstandings, you must practice so thoroughly together with your teammates that they get to know the characteristcs of the passer.(you)
The direction of the pass can be disguised, when for instance youdo not look in the direction in which you intend to play the ball or if you do not dribble it in the direction in which youre giong to pass. A further method of disguising the direction of the pass is the dummy pass executed at the same time as a body swerve.
All actions occurring the in game, including dummy maneuvers, must be practiced so thoroughly that they can stem almost automaticallly from the course of the game. When the principles outlined above are heeded when passing, the ball will certainly reach the player to whom it is destined.

Furthermore, here is a questionnaire about the skills of passing that could (hopefully) help you in passing

How do you define a pass and what makes it efficient?

List the different phases of the execution of a pass.

What are the important components of a pass?

Who decides the direction of the pass?

What is the best direction of the pass?

What are the different tasks of the ball receiver?

What are the common errors in passing?


If anyone would like to add anything, dont hesitate to comment.
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That was a nice post mate... great stuff you have been posting around on these forums. It is really great mate, you and me are pretty much the only people in the whole forums who make guides for Tactics. Respect, brother. 8) :lol: Thanks for making this mate, it is good to have you on these forums.
   
Thank you for the positive feedback :D
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Good post man. Helpfull for many people for sure.
Must suck to be you

   
Nice guide. It adds on in a lot of depth to my passing guide. Yours is much more advanced. Nice work! :D
   
i might make a guide on this skill but not now because it will take too long and i will get bored. The skill you need to learn for passing is the drive pass. It works great once you have it down and it allows to kick 2 times as powerful on your passes. Its like a drive but a bit more on the side of your foot. Look at a couple videos and you will get it.
   
u covered evrythin well done.
(::)Maestro Tomsta (::)